Canadians happy to be lied to, the election platforms of all parties are heavy on spending promises, with very little in the way of fiscal responsibility. Deficit schmeficit. Debt? What, me worry?
Deficits and debt aren’t bad things in and of themselves. On the household front, mortgage debt is assumed with the eventual payoff of homeownership. That’s a good thing. Not a good thing, however, is paying interest each month on the credit card debt incurred from the restaurant meal you had six months ago, as well as last week’s groceries and those of the week before, and the week before that …
While some government debt is of the mortgage type, much of the borrowing is to pay for past entitlements – money to pay for past meals that no longer serve any purpose today – and to pay for today’s meals that will be paid for by others down the line.
We have little to show beyond growing interest payments for past elect-me promises that are the stock in trade of politicians. Because we’re happy to be led astray, there’s no benefit to would-be politicians who speak the truth about deficits, debts, entitlements (I want mine!) and other economic realities. That’s the reason there’s little talk of the spending cuts that will be needed early and often after the pandemic.
That’s not a call for cutting willy-nilly.
Getting a handle on spending that provides little or no benefit to most people – from corporate welfare to bloated public sector salaries – is fine; cutting frontline services and benefits is not. Nor are we served if there are rumblings about corporate tax cuts that enrich a few while reducing government revenue precisely as politicians bemoan blossoming deficits. Such poor decisions are the hallmark of ideologues, especially on the right.
There is a debate to be had about taxes and would-be economic fixes. The topics are the subject of short-term thinking, an affliction that’s permeated all facets of our society. Adopting the business model that’s taken hold in the last four decades – today’s stock price, shareholder value and this quarter’s profits above all else – our political system has been shaped by constant lobbying from those who see society through only the lens of finances. It’s what’s made citizens no more than consumers.
Politicians, of course, have a built-in capacity for short-term thinking: the election cycle. They make promises and float policies designed for immediate impact – spend for votes today. That’s problematic in and of itself, as it gives little regard to the idea that actions taken now will have impacts years, sometimes decades down the road.
Making matters much worse, however, is the equally troubling issue of taxation. The promises they make come with a price, but 40 years of neoliberal lobbying and influence have made taxes a four-letter word, meaning many politicians will try to win votes by promising to spend today while simultaneously pledging to cut taxes … or not to mention taxes, at least. That often means deficits, a situation that’s ideal for politicians intent only on re-election: the bill won’t come due until later, when they’re off living comfortably on gold-plated government pensions.
That kind of thinking is what got us into today’s mess. That the very people who supported tax cuts to corporations even as government largesse filled their coffers are the ones leading the charge for austerity measures – not to themselves, of course – has been lost in the shuffle.
In the course of a couple of generations, we’ve undone centuries of efforts to create a society based on the common good. Much of the we’re-all-in-this-together ideals that came out of the Great Depression and the Second World War, for instance, has been replaced by relentless individualism.
Rapid urbanization whereby we no longer rely on family, friends and the broader community – indeed, we may not even know our neighbours – makes us forget just how interdependent we really are. A consumer-based society, pushed by marketing, focuses on individual pleasure. This comes at a cost to the collective ‘us,’ especially when discussing matters of financing the common good: taxes are seen as taking money away from ‘my’ enjoyment. Increasingly, we’re encouraged to give rein to our natural tendency to look after number one. Couple that with an individual’s capacity to seek immediate gratification, and long-term planning for our collective future becomes even more difficult.
There’s nothing wrong with looking out for personal interests, but we’re in danger of forgetting that most of the middle-class gains of the postwar years stem from socially-driven ideas. In purely economic terms, the collective efforts are the rising tide that lifted all boats – some more so than others, certainly. Today, however, there’s an element that seems hell-bent on undoing precisely the conditions that allowed for the great prosperity now under attack.
Thanks to decades of concerted effort, many people have bought into a set of diminished expectations about the role of government and, more troublingly, the possibilities of shaping a better society. We’ve had democracy reduced to the occasional trip to the polls. We’ve seen government reduced to managerial functions, where debate is constrained to a few well-worn topics. We’ve seen the economy reduced to fiscal policy – deregulation’s the order of the day as the financial services industry sets the agenda. We’ve seen citizenship dumbed down to passive observation, at best.
If we’re going to have a better society we need to think about the future 10, 20, 50 and 100 years down the line. The road we’ve been on for the last four decades, driven by the corporate agenda, has diminished our quality of life. We have to look past dubious vote-buying programs, immediate tax cuts and partisanship.
Long-term thinking is not just for issues such as climate change, though we’re not prepared to tackle even that issue, despite the consequences.
No, it’s all about living for today. But long-term planning is crucial for a host of issues that clearly part of today’s political reality, encompassing all levels: long-term resource consumption, human migration, transportation demands, retirement and pensions and the like. Our failure to do so has led to rampant consumerism, environmental crises, unchecked immigration, urban sprawl, financial speculation and a host of other ills that plague our economic, political and social systems.
As with our creeping realization about the perils of unseen climate change being the reason for very visible extreme-weather events, our understanding of poor governance, wasteful spending and short-term priorities may come too late to reverse course.